Terboven, Joseph (1898-1945)
formerly a bank employee, early joined the German NSDAP, and became “Gauleiter”
in Essen. (1923). Soon after, he was appointed member of the “Reichstag”
(1930) and President of the Rhine area in 1935. Terboven had a close contact
with Adolf Hitler, and was appointed “Reichskommisar” in Norway on the
24th April 1940.
Terboven had several
clashes with the generals in Norway, among them Falkenhorst. He was a controversial
person during all the years 1940-45, and his relationship with Quisling
was very poor.
Terboven committed suicide
in 1945 by sitting on a crate of 50 kg dynamite that he finally detonated.
Thorne, Sir Andrew (1885-1970)
Thorne had the impressing title “Commander-in Chief Allied Land Forces
Norway and Head of the Allied Mission to Norway” in May 1940. Thorne had
been an officer in WW2, and he participated in France 1940. During the
thirties, he had been military attaché both in Washington and Berlin,
the last from 1932-35, He had also paid Norway a visit in 1932, and even
It was therefor quite
an expert both in the German and Norwegian NS environments that led the
very difficult task of disarming and repatriating about 375 00 German troops,
and 100 000 concentration camp prisoners – there were people from about
25 countries. Thorne arrived in Norway 13th May 1945.
His orders included the
destruction of the massive amount of German war material present, something
the Norwegian authorities objected strongly to.
Thorne had been quite
prepared, since he actually got the task as early as in 1944. At that time
he commanded the Scottish Command. He solved his mission very well, according
to both Germans and Norwegians.